Essential Accidents, Complete Syllogisms and the Possibility of Knowledge:Mulla Sadra’s

Definition of Metaphysics 

 Prof. Sajjad Rizvi

 

Mulla Sadra’s discussion of the subject matter of metaphysics can be located within the Euclidean paradigm of proof methodology. Starting from first principles and axioms such as the a priori nature of the intuition of being, Sadra postulates propositions and constructs syllogisms to demonstrate the nature of reality. The central question, which is not discussed before him, is why must metaphysics be defined as the study of the essential accidents of being qua being?

 The simple answer is that without such a definition, complete syllogisms concerning the truth cannot be constructed, necessary inferences cannot be made and the pursuit of knowledge can never be certain. The aim of the Euclidean method and of Sadra is to arrive at truth judgments and certain knowledge. This can only be achieved by studying essential accidents of the non-proven subject of being qua being, because only the discussion of essential accidents can ensure that the syllogisms are completed. The aim of the paper is to contribute towards a more analytical, syllogistic and philosophical understanding of the nature of Sadra’s arguments.  

 

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